English Bulldogs, because of their short faces and wrinkles, may have entropion eyelids. Other short-muzzled breeds are subject to this same problem. This is a condition in which the eyelashes turn in and rub against the surface of the eye. The eyes will be inflamed, the lids swollen, and there is excessive tearing. It will irritate the eye and may cause blindness.
The treatment is a minor surgical procedure, or, if very minor, your veterinarian may be able to give you medication to put in the eye. But this is a daily chore, and a more permanent solution is surgical intervention. Entropion is a genetic defect, and dogs who are affected should not be bred.
Unfortunately English Bulldogs, because of their build, may have dysplastic hips. Hip dysplasia is a failure of the head of the femur (thighbone) to fit properly into the acetabulum (hip socket). Hip dysplasia is not just caused by poorly formed or malpositioned bones; many researchers believe the muscles and tendons in the leg and hip may also play a part.
Hip dysplasia is considered to be a polygenic inherited disorder, which means many different genes may lead to the disease. Also, environmental factors may contribute to the development of hip dysplasia, including nutrition and exercise, although the part environmental factors play in the disease is highly debated among experts.
Whatever the cause or causes of this problem, hip dysplasia can cause a wide range of problems, from mild lameness to movement irregularities to crippling pain. Bulldogs with hip dysplasia must often limit their activities, may need corrective surgery, or may even need to be euthanized because of the pain.
A high percentage of English Bulldogs suffer from hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). One of the most common signs is loss of hair on the animal’s sides. If it’s not treated, there will be complications, including hair loss, changes in the skin, lethargy, reproductive problems, and more.
Tests evaluating the thyroid function are becoming more accurate, and a tiny pill given daily will return the thyroid gland to its normal function.
How to Make a Canine First-Aid Kit
If your dog hurts herself, even a minor cut, it can be very upsetting for both of you. Having a first-aid kit handy will help you to help her, calmly and efficiently. What should be in your canine first-aid kit?
- Antibiotic ointment
- Antiseptic and antibacterial cleansing wipes
- Cotton-tipped applicators
- Disposable razor
- Elastic wrap bandages
- Extra leash and collar
- First-aid tape of various widths
- Gauze bandage roll
- Gauze pads of different sizes, including eye pads
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Instant cold compress
- Kaopectate or Pepto-Bismol tablets or liquid
- Latex gloves
- Lubricating jelly
- Nail clippers
- Pen, pencil, and paper for notes and directions
- Plastic syringe with no needle (for administering liquids)
- Round-ended scissors and pointy scissors
- Safety pins
- Sterile saline eyewash
- Thermometer (rectal)